Volume 7, Issue 1 (March 2022)                   J Environ Health Sustain Dev 2022, 7(1): 1536-1546 | Back to browse issues page

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Rabbani D, Mahvi A H, Shaterian M, Hesamifard R, Rezvani Ghalhari M, Kabiri M et al . A Green Approach to Safe Domestic Drinking Water Supply by Using Solar Geyser. J Environ Health Sustain Dev 2022; 7 (1) :1536-1546
URL: http://jehsd.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-405-en.html
Social Determinants of Health (SDH) Research Center, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran.
Abstract:   (755 Views)
Introduction: Accessibility to safe drinking water is an important human health issue, so water reuse and water resources management are critical in arid parts of developing  regions. This study aimed to investigate the use of a combined simple designed solar geyser/photocell for drinking water disinfection.
Materials and Methods: In this study, a solar geyser with a simple design was combined with a solar cell and its efficiency on the disinfection of contaminated water was investigated. This study was carried out with artificially polluted tap water by a solar geyser joined with a solar photovoltaic cell. The heated water (55°C) was kept for 2 hours using a solenoid valve. The pilot plant was operated and monitored for one year. The volume of the collected effluent was measured every 24 h. The most probably number (MPN) of total coliforms and fecal coliforms in 100 mL of 24-hour composed samples were measured.
Results: The mean volume of disinfected water production was calculated as 2095.74 ± 270.28 mL/day. The strongest correlation was found between disinfected water and the maximum daily ambient air temperature with a linear model (R2 = 0.9937). The results showed that by increasing the sunny time, the volume of water outlet increased. Therefore, sunny time and UV radiation have direct effect on volume of disinfected water.
Conclusion: The simple designed solar geyser for drinking water disinfection was efficient and recommended for tropical areas, emergency conditions, and farms for agricultural activities.
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Type of Study: Original articles | Subject: Water quality and wastewater treatment and reuse
Received: 2021/11/8 | Accepted: 2022/01/20 | Published: 2022/03/16

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