Preparation of a Manuscript


Submit to the journal at See "Submission Instruction" section for details.

Journal of Environmental Health and Sustainable Development (JEHSD) is an open access, free of charge, quarterly and peer-reviewed journal affiliated by Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences and Health services. The journal is authorative source of information for professionals in a wide range of Environmental health disciplines. The full papers are published both in print and online version.

Aim and Scope

Journal of Environmental Health and Sustainable Development is an international journal for the publication of peer reviewed and original research for all aspects of environmental health and sustainable development.

Research areas include, but are not exclusive to:

  • Environmental Health, Sciences, and Engineering
  • Environmental pollution
  • Water quality and wastewater treatment and reuse
  • Air and waste management
  • Solid remediation and wastes
  • Environmental microbiology
  • Environmental toxicology
  • Health Safety and Environment (HSE)
  • Food safety and hygiene
  • Noise and radiation control
  • Epidemiology
  • Biostatistics
  • Human Ecology
  • Environmental biotechnology and nanotechnology
  • Bioenergy

Publication charges

Journal of Environmental Health and Sustainable Development is a peer-reviewed journal that publishes original articles, reviews, short communications and case reports dealing with scope of the journal. Journal of Environmental Health and Sustainable Development is an open access journal, and articles processing (AP) is free of charge. Manuscripts should be submitted through the Online Submission System.

Submission checklist

You can use this checklist to carry out a final check of your submission before you send it to the journal for review. Please check the relevant section in authors' guide for more details:


E-mail address

Full postal address

All necessary files have been uploaded

Further considerations

• Manuscript has been 'spell checked' and 'grammar checked'

• All references mentioned in the Reference List are cited in the text, and vice versa

• Permission has been obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources (including the Internet)

• Relevant declarations of interest have been made

• Journal policies detailed in this guide have been reviewed

Review Process

The aim of the review process is to identify the strengths and weaknesses of the article, in terms of originality, interest, up-to-datedness, coherence, and balanced argumentation. As such, all manuscripts submitted to JEHSD go through a two-step double-blind peer review process.

Step 1-Internal Review
Prior to the allocation of manuscripts to peers for external double-blind peer review, we read each manuscript; this is done so that we can decide if the manuscripts we receive:

  1. Fit within the scope of the journal;

  2. Are adequate in terms of their adherence to JEHSD codes of conduct and author guidelines;

  3. Have solid conceptual frameworks reflected in their literature reviews;

  4. Show clarity of methodology;

  5. Are adequate in terms of their novelty and elaboration of findings;

  6. Have followed JEHSD editorial style;

In this phase, the editor(s) of the journal review(s) each manuscript to see if it meets the basic requirements for articles published in the journal (i.e., that it reports on original research or presents original content that links to previous research, theory, and/or teaching practices, and that it is of sufficient quality to merit external review). Technical checks will also be made to see if manuscripts follow JEHSD editorial style, American/British English usage, and other JEHSD standards (especially ethical ones). Manuscripts which do not meet these requirements are not sent out for further review, and their authors will be notified. The internal review may take anywhere between 1 to 2 weeks.

Step 2-External Review
Following the internal review, submissions which meet the basic requirements and the bottom-line standards set by JEHSD are sent out for double-blind peer review (by minimum 3 experts in the field) either from the journal's editorial panel or from our larger list of reviewers. Following the external review, the authors are sent copies of the external reviewers' comments and are notified of the decision (accept as is, accept pending changes, revise and resubmit, or reject).

After External Review
After the external double-blind peer review of a manuscript, the corresponding author will receive an email in which she/he will be informed of the status of the manuscript.

What if revision is required?
Authors may receive feedback on their papers for modifications related to scientific content and/or language corrections. A revised paper along with a point-by-point response to reviewers must be submitted to the editor, accompanied by a copy of the original version. It is important to note that suggestions for re-submission do not guarantee acceptance of the revised version. Papers that are not resubmitted within two months of feedback will be considered withdrawn, and any subsequent revisions will be regarded as new submissions. Authors resubmitting a previously rejected paper must provide the original manuscript and a detailed explanation of the modifications done. Accepted manuscripts become the property of JEHSD.

Responsibilities of authors
Authors are responsible for the accuracy of all statements and data in the manuscript, ensuring the correctness of all reference details, and obtaining permission from the authors and publisher of any previously published material included in the manuscript before submission.

Article Type

Original research articles

These reports are expected to utilize rigorous research designs with appropriate statistical analyses and validated research methods. This type of articles should contain a structured abstract, 3-5 keywords, introduction, materials and methods, results, discussion, conclusion, acknowledgement and references. The length should not exceed 3000 words excluding the references, abstract, figures and tables. 15-40 references should be stated for original articles.

Brief Reports

Brief reports are similar to original research in that they follow the same rigor, format and guidelines, but are designed for small-scale research or research that is in early stages of development. These may include preliminary studies that utilize a simple research design or a small sample size and that have produced limited pilot data and initial findings that indicate need for further investigation.  Brief reports are much shorter than manuscripts associated with a more advanced, larger-scale research project.  They are not meant to be used for a short version of an article about research that would otherwise qualify for a full original research manuscript or for publishing material on research that lacks significance, is not rigorous or, if expanded, would not qualify for a full article or for research.. Brief Reports may not exceed 1,200 words of text -counting only the Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion. Abstracts must not exceed 200 words and should be a single paragraph with no subheadings. 25 references may be included.

Narrative review

Review articles are an attempt by one or more writers to sum up the current state of the research on a particular topic. Should contain at least 60 references. Abstract should be non-structured. The word count should not exceed 4500 words. Narrative reviews should contain the critical assessment of the current knowledge of the field.

Systematic Review

These articles should address topics with an extensive body of primary source literature to provide a critical summary of the current evidence and applications using the appropriate software (eg, Cochrane, Comprehensive Meta-Analysis). In some cases, these articles may also address an emerging topic with limited literature to better demonstrate the need for more research. Systematic reviews that include meta-analyses are encouraged. Systematic Review manuscripts, in general, will range between 4,000-5,000 words, not including abstract, tables/figures, or references. Figures and tables range from two to six and should be limited to those most pertinent to the review without duplicating information in the text.

Letters to editor

The journal accepts original communications that bring out a focused but novel and important message on basic topics in environmental health. All submissions must have been approved by an ethics committee or institutional review board. Consideration for publication will be based on priority and interest to readership as determined by Editorial evaluation and peer review.

Letters to JEHSD include no more than 1,200 words of text and 25 references. Letters have no abstract.  A clear title is required.

Manuscript Preparation
Style and Format

Manuscripts must be submitted in English. Manuscript files can be in the following formats: DOC, DOCX. Use a standard font size and any standard font.  Manuscript text should be double-spaced. Define abbreviations upon first appearance in the text.

Cover letter

A cover letter must be included with each manuscript submission. It should be concise and explain why the content of your paper is significant, placing your findings in the context of existing work and why it fits the scope of the journal. Please confirm that neither the manuscript nor any parts of its content are currently under consideration or published in another journal. Any prior submissions of the manuscript to JEHSD journal must be acknowledged.

Essential title page information

Title: concise and informative

Author name and affiliation: please clearly indicate the given names and family names of each author and check that all names are accurately spelled. Present the authors' affiliation addresses below the names. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name and the e-mail address of each author.

Corresponding author:

Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication also post publication.


 A concise and factual abstract is required. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. An abstract is presented separately from the article so it must be able to stand alone.

Non standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided but if essential, they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself.


Authors are invited to submit keywords associated with their paper. Each article should provide keywords selected from the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH).

Manuscript Body


State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.

Materials and Methods

Provide sufficient details to allow the work to be reproduced. Methods should be indicated by references.

As a minimum, a statement including the project identification code, date of approval and name of the ethics committee or institutional review board should be cited in the Methods Section of the article. Editors reserve the rights to reject any submission that does not meet these requirements.

Example of Ethical Statements:

All subjects gave their informed consent for inclusion before they participated in the study. The study was conducted in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki, and the protocol was approved by the Ethics Committee of XXX (Project identification code).


Results should be clear and concise.


This should be exploring the significance of the results of the work not repeat them.


The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a short conclusion section.


Collate acknowledgments in a separate section at the end of the article before the references and do not therefore include them on the title page as a footnote to the title or otherwise.


List funding sources in this standard way to facilitate compliance to funder's requirements:

Funding: This work was supported by the National Institutes of Health [grant numbers xxxx, yyyy]; the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Seattle, WA [grant number zzzz]; and the United States Institutes of Peace [grant number aaaa].

If no funding has been provided for the research, please include the following sentence:

The work was unfunded

Conflict of interest

All authors must disclose any financial and personal relationships with other people or organizations that could inappropriately influence (bias) their work. If you have no competing interests please state 'I/We have no competing interests'.

Conflict of Interest Guidelines for Publisher and Reviewers
Publishers should establish guidelines, ensure transparency, and promote ethical conduct in scientific publishing. Reviewers should disclose potential conflicts of interest, provide impartial reviews, and maintain confidentiality.


Authors' Contributions
For transparency, we require corresponding authors to provide co-author contributions to the manuscript using the relevant CRediT roles. The CRediT taxonomy includes 14 different roles describing each contributor’s specific contribution to the scholarly output. The roles are: Conceptualization; Data curation; Formal analysis; Funding acquisition; Investigation; Methodology; Project administration; Resources; Software; Supervision; Validation; Visualization; Roles/Writing - original draft; and Writing - review & editing. Note that not all roles may apply to every manuscript, and authors may have contributed through multiple roles.


References should be listed in order of citation in the text (not alphabetically) and should follow the Vancouver style.
For download of journal EndNote style click here.

When writing a reference list in Vancouver style, you need to remember the following:

  • arrange your list chronologically
  • number all references
  • list the first 3 authors followed by 'et al.' if there are more than 3 authors
  • use official abbreviations for titles of journals based on NLM catalog (if available)


Surname Initial(s). Book title.Edition - if available. Place of publication: Publisher; Year.

Hull J, Forton J, Thompson A. Paediatric respiratory medicine. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 2015.

Bick J. 101 Thing You Need to Know about Internet Law [Internet]. New York: Three Rivers Press; 2000 .Available from:[cited Mar 30, 2016].

Anthology (book with articles)

An anthology is a book with one editor, but where the chapters are written by several different authors.

Surname author Initial(s). Chapter title. In: Surname editor Initial(s), editor(s). Book title. Place of publication: Publisher; Year. page(s).

Beizer JL, Timiras ML. Pharmacology and drug management in the elderly. In: Timiras PS, editor. Physiological basis of aging and geriatrics. 2nd ed. Boca Raton: CRC Press; 1994. p. 279-84.

Fermann G, editor. International politics of climate change: key issues and critical actors. Oslo: Scandinavian University Press; 1997.

Journal article

Surname Initial(s). Title of article. Journal title/or title abbreviation. Year;volume(issue):page(s). 

Kwan I, Mapstone J. Visibility aids for pedestrians and cyclists: a systematic review of randomised controlled trials. Accid Anal Prev. 2004;36(3):305-12. DOI: 10.1016/S0001-4575(03)00008-3

Kwan I, Mapstone J. Visibility aids for pedestrians and cyclists: a systematic review of randomised controlled trials. Accid Anal Prev [Internet]. 2004;36(3):305-12. Available from: [cited Mar 30, 2016].

Conference paper

Unpublished paper:

Surname Initial(s). Paper title. Paper presented at Name of conference; Date; Place.

Published paper:

Surname author Initial(s). Paper title. In: Surname editor Initial(s), editor(s). Conference title. Place of publication: Publisher; Year. page(s).

Nørvåg K. Space-Efficient Support for Temporal Text Indexing in a Document Archive Context. In: Koch T, Sølvberg I, editors. Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries. 7th European Conference, ECDL; 2003 Aug 17-22; Trondheim, Norway. Berlin: Springer; 2003. p. 511-22.

Newspapers and popular magazines

Surname Initial(s). Article title.Newspaper title.Date:page.

Ringen S. La ikke Erna Solberg raseredetlokalefolkestyre.Aftenposten. 2004 March 25:10.

Grosh A, Graff J. A strike at Europe’s heart.Time Magazine.2004 March 22:22.

Dissertation and master thesis

Surname Initial(s). Title [type of publication]. Place: Publisher; Year.

Hasund IK. The discourse markers like in English and liksom in Norwegian teenage language : a corpus-based, cross-linguistic study [dissertation]. Bergen: University of  Bergen; 2003.

Web page

Author. Title [Internet]. Place: Publisher; Date of publication .Available from: http://... [ cited date].

World Health Organization.Drinking water [Internet].Geneva: World Health Organization; 2015 .Available from:[cited Jul 20, 2015].


Figures should be as small and simple as is compatible with clarity. The goal is for figures to be comprehensible to readers in other or related disciplines, and to assist their understanding of the paper. Unnecessary figures and parts (panels) of figures should be avoided: data presented in small tables or histograms, for instance, can generally be stated briefly in the text instead. Avoid unnecessary complexity, coloring and excessive detail.


Please submit tables in your main article document in an editable format of Word and not as images. Tables that include statistical analysis of data should describe their standards of error analysis and ranges in a table legend.


Equations and mathematical expressions should be provided in the main text of the paper. Equations that are referred to in the text are identified by parenthetical numbers, such as (1), and are referred to in the manuscript as "equation (1)".

After Acceptance


The editorial team will prepare the manuscript in the journal's format, and a PDF proof will be sent to the author for final review before publication. Authors are advised to carefully examine the proof for any typos or layout issues, and to use the sticky notes feature to identify and explain any necessary changes have been done.

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