Volume 9, Issue 1 (March 2024)                   J Environ Health Sustain Dev 2024, 9(1): 2171-2179 | Back to browse issues page

Ethics code: IR.SUMS.REC.1397.989

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Ahmadinejad P, Tajvar A, Mortazavi M, Arjmand S, Nasiri Namin S, Zamanian Z et al . Investigating the Effects of Music and Temperature Changes on Heart Function and Human Error. J Environ Health Sustain Dev 2024; 9 (1) :2171-2179
URL: http://jehsd.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-666-en.html
Military Health Research Center, Life Style Institute, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (299 Views)
Introduction: Exposure to music and temperature variations can influence physiological state and impact human error. This study aims to investigate the combined and independent effects of music and temperature changes on heart rate (HR) and human error.
Materials and Methods: This interventional study was conducted on 14 participants (7 men and 7 women) under controlled conditions in 2018. The subjects experienced four types of music (Rock, Rap, Pop, and Iranian traditional music) at the noise pressure level of 75 dB, along with temperatures of 20, 25, and 30 °C independently and in combination, within an acoustic room with controlled temperature conditions. HR and human error rate were measured using a HR meter and a researcher-made text with spelling mistakes, respectively.
Results: Using SPSS 19, data analysis revealed that exposure to traditional Iranian and rock music in temperatures deviating by 5 °C from 25 °C was associated with increased errors in detecting spelling mistakes (p < 0.05). Interestingly, traditional and rock music did not significantly affect HR across temperatures of 20, 25, and 30 °C (p > 0.05).
Conclusion: Listening to traditional Iranian and rock music in conditions with approximately 5 °C cooler or warmer than room temperature can have a positive and constructive effect on HR and reduce human error. The use of this type of music has potential implications for optimizing environmental conditions, especially in workplaces where such factors are critical.
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Type of Study: Original articles | Subject: Health Safety and Environment (HSE)
Received: 2023/11/22 | Accepted: 2024/01/20 | Published: 2024/03/13

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