Volume 7, Issue 2 (June 2022)                   J Environ Health Sustain Dev 2022, 7(2): 1623-1631 | Back to browse issues page


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Eslami H, Ayeneh Heidari F, Salari M, Esmaeili A, Nassab Hosseini A, Dolatabadi M. Investigation of Corrosion and Scaling Potential in Drinking Water in Rafsanjan, Iran. J Environ Health Sustain Dev 2022; 7 (2) :1623-1631
URL: http://jehsd.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-399-en.html
Environmental Science and Technology Research Center, Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.
Abstract:   (433 Views)
Introduction: Corrosion and scaling are important factors affecting drinking water quality, causing health and economic problems. This study aimed to investigate the indicators of corrosion and scaling in Rafsanjan drinking water.
Materials and Methods: The present descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in winter 2018 and spring 2019 in Rafsanjan. The 56 samples were randomly taken from the drinking water distribution and transmission networks. Physicochemical parameters, such as pH, temperature, total dissolved solids (TDS), total hardness (TH), calcium hardness (CH), electrical conductivity (EC), and alkalinity were measured.  Finally, corrosion and scaling indices, including langelier index (LI), ryznar index (RI), aggressiveness index (AI), and Puckorius index (PI) were calculated and analyzed.
Results: The mean temperature, pH, CH, TH, TDS, alkalinity, and EC were 17.79 ± 0.80 °C, 8.08 ± 0.11, 56.34 ± 2.72 mg/L.CaCO3, 140.86 ± 6.81 mg/L.CaCO3, 530 ± 110 mg/L, 181.21 ± 13.65 mg/L, and 840 ± 180 µs/cm, respectively. The mean corrosion and scaling indices, including LI = 0.18 ± 0.12, RI = 7.72 ± 0.14, AI = 12.09 ± 0.11, and finally PI = 7.96 ± 0.10 were obtained.
Conclusion: Based on the obtained data, drinking water in the transmission and distribution network of Rafsanjan has scaling properties. Water scaling and deposition causes problems, such as blockage of water transmission and distribution pipes, reduction of flow rate and increase of pressure drop in the network, and finally increase of water facilities operation costs. Therefore, measures should be considered to control the scaling of water in this region.
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Type of Study: Original articles | Subject: Water quality and wastewater treatment and reuse
Received: 2022/03/28 | Accepted: 2022/05/20 | Published: 2022/06/20

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