Volume 3, Issue 3 (September 2018)                   J Environ Health Sustain Dev 2018, 3(3): 557-566 | Back to browse issues page

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Salehi H, Ehrampoush M H, Salmani M H, Fallahzadeh H, Ebrahimi A A. Arsenic Oxidation Using UV-Activated Persulfate in Aqueous Solutions: Optimization Using Response Surface Methodology Based on Box-Bencken Design. J Environ Health Sustain Dev. 2018; 3 (3) :557-566
URL: http://jehsd.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-125-en.html
Environmental Sciences and Technology Research Center, Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.
Abstract:   (98 Views)
Introduction: The use of arsenic contaminated water can cause a variety of adverse health effects in humans. Therefore, it is essential to seek out a method to remove arsenic more efficiently. This study examined the amount of arsenic oxidation by response surface methodology (RSM) based on Box-Bencken design.
Materials and Methods: In this study, oxidizing arsenite to arsenate was performed by activation of persulfate with UV and the optimal conditions determined using the RSM based on Box-Bencken design to evaluate the effects of independent variables on the response (arsenite oxidation efficiency) performance and to predict the best response rate. In this study, the effects of different parameters such as pH (3-11), concentration of persulfate (4-14 mM), and initial concentration of arsenic (0.1-0.9 mg/l) on process efficiency were investigated. The number of tests in this study was 45, and the oxidation rate was measured using the UV visible spectrophotometer (DR 6000) and the molybdate colorimetric method.
Results: Increasing the concentration of arsenic increased oxidation. However, with increasing pH, the oxidation rate decreased and the highest oxidation rate at all concentrations was observed at pH 3. The value higher than R2 (0.934) indicated that the oxidation of arsenic (v) could be determined by this model.
Conclusion: Arsenite is a highly toxic metal that is difficult to remove by conventional treatment methods, but a pre-treatment phase can convert arsenite into arsenate and facilitate the removal process. In this study, the use of UV-activated persulfate increased the efficiency of arsenic oxidation to 96%.
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Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/05/25 | Accepted: 2018/07/10 | Published: 2018/09/1

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