Ethical Considerations

 | Post date: 2017/02/19 | 

Publishing Ethics

JEHSD follow the rule of committee on publication ethics (COPE) on how to deal with acts of misconduct. For more information see the Code of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors and see the COPE website:

Authors’ contribution

 JEHSD requests its authors to comply with authorship criteria as defined by the The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE). The contributions of each author should be revealed clearly and will be published in the article.

ICMJE recommends that authorship be based on the following 4 criteria:

  1. Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; AND
  2. Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; AND
  3. Final approval of the version to be published; AND
  4. Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

For further information on the authorship criteria see ICMJE website:

Research Involving Human Subjects

When reporting on research that involves human subjects, human material, human tissues or human data, authors must declare that the investigations were carried out following the rules of the Declaration of Helsinki of 1975 (, revised in 2008. According to point 23 of this declaration, an approval from an ethics committee should have been obtained before undertaking the research.

Research Involving Animal Subjects

The editors will require that the benefits potentially derived from any research causing harm to animals are significant in relation to any cost endured by animals, and that procedures followed are unlikely to cause offense to the majority of readers. Authors should particularly ensure that their research complies with the commonly-accepted '3Rs':

  • Replacement of animals by alternatives wherever possible,
  • Reduction in number of animals used, and
  • Refinement of experimental conditions and procedures to minimize the harm to animals.

Any experimental work must also have been conducted in accordance with relevant national legislation on the use of animals for research.

Manuscripts containing original descriptions of research conducted in experimental animals must contain details of approval by a properly constituted research ethics committee.

Declaration of interest

All authors must disclose any financial and personal relationships with other people or organizations that could inappropriately influence (bias) their work.

Examples of potential conflicts of interest include employment, consultancies, stock ownership and grants or other funding. If there are no conflicts of interest then please state this: I/we have no competing interests.

Role of the funding source

You are requested to identify who provided financial support for the conduct of the research and/or preparation of the article and to briefly describe the role of the sponsor, if any, in study design, in the collection, analysis and interpretation of data, in the writing of the report and in the decision to submit the article for publication. if the funding source(s) had no such involvement then this should be stated.


Upon acceptance of an article, authors will be asked to complete a" Copyright form" (for more information on this see An e-mail will be sent to the corresponding author confirming receipt of the manuscript.

Open Access (OA)

JEHSD is a non-for-profit journal. As an open access journal, JEHSD makes all publications immediately available to any reader, any where. There is no publication fees and submission fees. All articles will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download upon publication. Permitted (re) use is defined by Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY).

Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY): permit users to copy , to create extracts abstracts, abstracts and new works from the article, to alter and revise the article, and to make commercial use of the article.

Originality and Plagiarism

The authors should ensure that they have written entirely original works and if the authors have used the work and/or words of other that this has been appropriately cited or quoted. JEHSD use Small SEO Tools plagiarism checker software to verify the originality of written works.

Retraction Policy

The JEHSD uses the COPE flowchart for retraction of a published article to determine whether a published article should be retracted.

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