Ethical Considerations

 | Post date: 2017/02/19 | 

Publishing Ethics

JEHSD follow the rule of committee on publication ethics (COPE) on how to deal with acts of misconduct. For more information see the Code of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors and see the COPE website:

Authors’ contribution

 JEHSD requests its authors to comply with authorship criteria as defined by the The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE). The contributions of each author should be revealed clearly and will be published in the article.

ICMJE recommends that authorship be based on the following 4 criteria:

  1. Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; AND
  2. Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; AND
  3. Final approval of the version to be published; AND
  4. Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

For further information on the authorship criteria see ICMJE website:

Research Involving Human Subjects

When reporting on research that involves human subjects, human material, human tissues or human data, authors must declare that the investigations were carried out following the rules of the Declaration of Helsinki of 1975 (, revised in 2008. According to point 23 of this declaration, an approval from an ethics committee should have been obtained before undertaking the research.

Research Involving Animal Subjects

The editors will require that the benefits potentially derived from any research causing harm to animals are significant in relation to any cost endured by animals, and that procedures followed are unlikely to cause offense to the majority of readers. Authors should particularly ensure that their research complies with the commonly-accepted '3Rs':

  • Replacement of animals by alternatives wherever possible,
  • Reduction in number of animals used, and
  • Refinement of experimental conditions and procedures to minimize the harm to animals.

Any experimental work must also have been conducted in accordance with relevant national legislation on the use of animals for research.

Manuscripts containing original descriptions of research conducted in experimental animals must contain details of approval by a properly constituted research ethics committee.

Declaration of interest

All authors must disclose any financial and personal relationships with other people or organizations that could inappropriately influence (bias) their work.

Examples of potential conflicts of interest include employment, consultancies, stock ownership and grants or other funding. If there are no conflicts of interest then please state this: I/we have no competing interests.

Role of the funding source

You are requested to identify who provided financial support for the conduct of the research and/or preparation of the article and to briefly describe the role of the sponsor, if any, in study design, in the collection, analysis and interpretation of data, in the writing of the report and in the decision to submit the article for publication. if the funding source(s) had no such involvement then this should be stated.


Upon acceptance of an article, authors will be asked to complete a" Copyright form" (for more information on this see An e-mail will be sent to the corresponding author confirming receipt of the manuscript.

Open Access (OA)

JEHSD is a non-for-profit journal. As an open access journal, JEHSD makes all publications immediately available to any reader, any where. There is no publication fees and submission fees. All articles will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download upon publication. Permitted (re) use is defined by Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0).

Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0): allows users to read, copy, distribute and make derivative works for non-commercial purposes from the material, as long as the author of the original work is cited properly.

Scientific misconduct includes fabrication, falsification, and plagiarism with the intent to deceive by the authors. Honest error or differences in interpretation are not considered misconduct. Breaches of publication ethics include but are not limited to: failure to reveal financial conflicts of interest; omitting a deserving author or adding a noncontributing author; misrepresenting publication status in the reference list; self-plagiarism without attribution; duplicate or redundant publication; and inclusion of one or more sentences verbatim from another source without citing the original source and putting the sentence(s) in quotation marks.
JEHSD takes seriously its responsibility to ensure scientific integrity and will pursue any allegations of misconduct. The JEHSD editors adhere to the COPE Code of Conduct, which can be found at Charges of academic dishonesty, including plagiarism, duplicate, and redundant publication will be managed according to COPE guidelines. JEHSD use Small SEO Tools plagiarism checker software to verify the originality of written works.
If the Scientific Integrity Panel concludes there is a reasonable possibility of misconduct, they will consider any of the following options, dependent upon the apparent magnitude of the misconduct. Responses may be applied separately or combined, and their implementation will depend on the circumstances of the case as well as the responses of the participating parties and institutions. The following options are ranked in approximate order of severity:
  • A letter of explanation (and education) sent only to the person(s) against whom the complaint is made, where there appears to be a genuine and innocent misunderstanding of principles or procedure.
  • A letter of reprimand to the person(s) against whom the complaint is made, warning of the consequences of future such instances, where the misunderstanding appears to be not entirely innocent.
  • A letter of reprimand to all co-authors on the paper informing them of the findings of the Panel and warning of the consequences of future such instances.
  • A formal letter as above, including a written request to the supervising institution(s) that an investigation be carried out and the findings of that inquiry be reported in writing to the journal.
  • Publication of a notice of redundant or duplicate publication or plagiarism, if appropriate and unequivocally documented. Such publication will not require approval of authors, and may also be reported to their institution and, if appropriate, funding agency.
  • Formal withdrawal or retraction of the paper from the scientific literature, published in the journal.
Note: If the author wants to submit his/her manuscript for publication in another periodical, he/she should first withdraw his/her paper from JEHSD journal. For that, author should mail the Editor-in-chief or the handling editor about the withdrawal decision along-with proper reasons for the same. Once he/she receive the response, he/she is free to communicate it anywhere else. 
This procedure applies to complaints about the publishing policies, procedures and actions of publishing and editorial staff and Editors-in-Chief of journals from JEHSD.
We infer that the complainant is not simply disagreeing with a decision we have made or something we have published (which happens every day) but thinks that there has been a failure of process - for example, a long delay or a rude response - or a severe misjudgment.
 We welcome complaints as they provide an opportunity and a spur for improvement, and we aim to respond quickly, courteously, and constructively.  Please write your complaint with journal title, vol. no., issue no., paper title and page no.
How to register a complaint

Complaints may be made by phone, email or letter. Informing us in writing by email is advised as it provides the most reliable audit trail. The complaint should be directed initially to the person the complainant is already in contact with over the relevant matter. If that is not appropriate please email the Associate Publisher or Managing Editor of the journal named on the ‘Contact us’ page of that journal’s website.
All complaints will be acknowledged within three working days.
If possible a full response will be made within four weeks. If this is not possible an interim response will be given within four weeks. Further interim responses will be provided until the complaint is resolved.

Retraction Policy

The JEHSD uses the COPE flowchart for retraction of a published article to determine whether a published article should be retracted.

Advertising policy
The journal does not accept advertising, neither print nor online.

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